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发布日期:2020-12-03 14:19浏览次数:


He only had himself to blame,Mike Weston thought ruefully as he strapped a fitbit to his wrist one cold February morning。his company was about to start tracking him 24 hours a DD Y,gathering data on everything from his sleep quality and heart rate to his location and weer今年2月的一个寒冷的早晨,迈克韦斯顿他将在自己的公司接受全天候追踪,从睡眠质量和心率中收集位置、网络习惯等多种数据。“I was really quite grumpy about it,I didn ' t want to put my self on display like that,”he says . but as chief executive of profusive A dataFor 10 days,Profusion ' s data scientists used fitbits and other apps to track 171 personal metrics for 31 staff who volunteered(includingcombing through the data,the analysts found they could group the staff into clusters,based on shared patterns of behavion Another " IRS分析人士可以整理这些数据,根据一些联合不道德的模式对这些员工进行分组。

他们把一组职员称为“无暇应对的类型”,另一组称为“焦虑型”。technology has made it possible for employers to monitor employees more closely than ever,From GPS trackers for delivery drivers to software the虽然不会使工作和私生活之间的界限变得更加模糊。

I think there ' s an ine vitability that it will gain ground,and there ' s a backlash risk that will follow if the data get abused。“For employers,The simplest way to use wearable gadgets(and so far The most common)Is to give them to staff and try to nudge them into he给员工戴设备最简单的方法(到目前为止最罕见的方法)是发给员工的,例如,BP (BP)向北美员工分发了Fitbit穿戴设备,如果达到活动目标,则没有得到奖励。本质上,根据Fitbit的IPO加入指南右侧,该公司的五个战略目标之一是“进一步渗透企业福利市场”。

可穿戴设备也可能是必要的工具。but the bigger prize is to use the data from such devices to make the work force safer or more productive . some warehouse workers already wear wrist S or horKronos,the " work force management " company whose customers include Apple,Starbucks and IKEA,Makes annual revenues of moreBrenda Morris (Brenda Morris)的Kronos英国业务负责人布伦达莫里斯(Brenda Morris)表示,将可穿戴设备应用于蓝领和白领员工是有效的。”if you ' re monitoring where people are,what their stress levels are,What their fatigue levels are.[that ' s]really important when operating machinery.or[in an office]You can see that person ' s getting stressed because they ' ve been working on that legal contract for too many hours and the.操纵操纵机器时,知道是最重要的.或者在办公室,长期研究法律合同,没有得到足够的反对,可以看到看起来感情用事的人。

Chris br auer,a senior lecturer at goldsmiths,university of London,who runs experiments with work place wearables,Predicts aIT Becomes A Predictive tool and Possibly Also A Prescriptive one "伦敦大学Goldsmiths,University of London高级讲师克里斯布劳尔这是与成果同时出现的先行指标。”它不会沦为预测性工具,也不会沦为规定的工具。“But that vision is a long way off-and there are a number of practical,legal and ethical hurdles in the way .但是这个愿景还很遥远,First,No one Seems to have worked out yet how to analyse or draw useful conclusions from wearables data . profusion plans to do more trials“首先,没有人会研究如何分析可穿戴设备生成的数据或得出简单的结论。Profusion计划在大企业积极进行更多的实验,以数据转换的形式展示个人指标和整体职场业绩。

但是到目前为止,一般看不到的情况是伦敦早期公司The Outside View的牵头创始人罗布辛斯(Rob Symes)的经验。去年,他用可穿戴设备跟踪所有员工,最后意识到。“嗯,我控制了所有的数据,但这个数据意味着什么?”Meanwhile,wearable devices crossing over corporate " digital perimeters " every day are an obvious target for hackers,says Dave“you might think that ' s a bit alary T are the chances of my watch or heart rate monitor getting hacked-but this idea of the’internet of thie——我的手表或心率显示器可以指出被黑客入侵的概率有多大,但3354“物联网”的概念在功能上已经走在了安全的前面。“更多gadgets are also easy to game . Adam miller ' s employer gives him cash rewards if his fit bit shows he has taken a certain number of steps a day.Egisters' steps' when jolted,so if he has not met his daily target,“I might watch TV and wave my arm around.“or my kids will grab it and start shaking it to see what the numbers get to .”这些小玩意也很容易被骗。

对于亚当米勒(Adam Miller),如果Fitbit表示他一天跑了一定数量的步,他的员工就不会给他现金补偿。但是Fitbit在抖动时记录“步数”。

所以,如果米勒没有实现每天的目标,他可能会说:“看电视的时候拿着我的胳膊。”For Dane Atkinson,chief executive of tech company sumall,This highlights a serious problem with workplace metrics。

“it has a law of physics-as soon as people know it ' s being observed it changs .”his solution as a young CEO was to come up with a secret metric his employees did not know about 3360 he tracked the volume and length of their work Emails技术公司Sumall的首席执行官Dane Atkinson说:“这里没有物理定律3354。一旦告诉我们指标正在被观察,结果就不会改变。”作为年迈的CEO,阿特金森的解决方案是明确提出员工不知道的秘密指标。也就是跟踪员工工作邮件的数量和长度。

他发现表明谁处于“职业困难期”的指标效果令人难以置信。“I was struggling with empathy.the data really helped me catch up " he says。

“in watching those patterns I could start a convernes What ' s going on,and there was almost always a huge unload He thinks it is reasonable for法律的界限也尚未得到确认。律师们回应说,在企业通过可穿戴设备收集个人数据之前,在员工知道的情况下,得到员工的具体同意,在3354与业务标记指标等其他数据相关联之前,需要进一步得到员工的同意。Even then,there is a risk employees would feel implicit pressure to agree,says Daniel Cooper,Head of the data privacy team at the law fiiit“Historically European Regulators in the data protection Area have been Very Sceper”,Covington and Burling数据隐私保护小组负责人丹尼尔库珀回答说 “how many workers would say yes,uncoerced,and under what conditions?Pwc asked 2,000 people recently 3360 40 percent said they would wear a workplace wearable,Rising to just over half if they knew it would be used to ii如果他们说这将用于提高他们的工作情况,这个比例不会上升到一半以上。employers and employees might share the same goals(less stress in the workplace,say) but then again,They might not.many of those职员和职员可以有相同的目标(例如,减少工作压力),但意见可能不一致。

”很多敢问“的人不相信员工会使用这些数据针对他们。普华永道承诺寻找电子邮件收集数据,并对数据进行整体分析,这有助于谋求人们的反对。For Mike Weston of Profusion,The reaction of his staff to their wearables experiment was as interesting as The data it produced . some found it enllit“one ended up”the most stressed I ' ve ever seen her”。

对Profusion的迈克韦斯顿来说,职员们指出,有些人真的能穿的设备简单,富有,有灵感,而有些人认为这种设备“非常苦恼”。其中一个最终变成了“我认识她以来最情绪化的样子”。As for him?”I still don't know if I love it,but I haven't taken it off。“他自己是怎么想的?”我还没有告诉自己是否讨厌可以穿的设备,但我没有把它脱下来。